Pathways / Interactions / Diseases / Organisms

GlyCosmos Pathways

Pathways from Reactome containing glycoproteins as annotated in UniProt. Search by pathway name, species, and protein name.


GlycoMaple is a visualization tool for pathways. Glycogene expression data can be uploaded or selected from RNA-Seq data from the Human Protein Atlas. The expression values will be displayed in various glycan-related pathways.


Molecular Interaction Databases


MatrixDB is a freely available database focused on interactions established by extracellular matrix proteins, proteoglycans and polysaccharides

GlyCosmos Diseases

List of diseases involving glycan related genes. The information of each database of Glyco-Disease Genes Database (GDGDB), DisGeNET, and Alliance of Genome Resources is integrated into one list.

Glyco-Disease Genes Database (GDGDB)

GDGDB is a database of glycan-related diseases and their responsible genes.

Pathogen Adherence to Carbohydrate Database (PACDB)

PACDB provides the information on pathogens (e.g. bacteria, fungus, toxin and virus) adhering to carbohydrates expressed on the cell surface of host animals or plants.

GlycoNAVI Diseases

GlycoNAVI-Diseases is dataset of glycoforms related to diseases. This is the content of GlycoNAVI.

Alliance of Genome Resources

Alliance of Genome Resources is a gene dataset, which contains curated genome information essential for the understanding of the genetics and genomic basis of human biology, health and disease. All data is retrieved from six major model organism databases and the Gene Ontology including FlyBase, Mouse Genome Database (MGI), Rat Genome Database (RGD), Saccharomyces Genome Database (SGD), WormBase, Zebrafish Information Network (ZFIN), and the GO Consortium. In GlyCosmos, only glycan-related disease information has been extracted from Alliance of Genome Resources.


DisGeNET is a knowledge management platform that integrates and standardizes the data of genes and mutations related to diseases from multiple sources. It covers entire range of human disease.


SugarBind provides information on known carbohydrate sequences to which pathogenic organisms (bacteria, toxins and viruses) specifically adhere.


GlyCOVID is a dataset of RDFized COVID-19 data related to glycans. Resources will be added incrementally as publications are curated.

Longitudinal Development of Antibody Responses in COVID-19 Patients of Different Severity with ELISA, Peptide, and Glycan Arrays: An Immunological Case Series.
Heidepriem J, et al.
Pathogens. 2021; 10(4):438.

A longitudinal analysis of three COVID-19 patients with moderate (#1) and mild disease (#2 and #3) was published. Antibody serum responses were analyzed using spike glycoprotein enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), full-proteome peptide, and glycan microarrays. In this Glycovid dataset, the data from these glycan microarray experiments have been RDFized. Fluorescence intensity is given in arbitrary fluorescence units (AFU) as reported in this publication.

GlyCosmos Organisms

List of all species in GlyCosmos Resources.

International Collaboration

GlyCosmos is a member of the GlySpace Alliance together with GlyGen and Glycomics@ExPASy.


Supported by JST NBDC Grant Number JPMJND2204

Partly supported by NIH Common Fund Grant #1U01GM125267-01